DRY OR DEHYDRATED SKIN ?
What is the difference between a dry and a dehydrated skin ?
The terms 'dry skin' and 'dehydrated skin' are often used interchangeably by people meaning the same thing. Is this really the case ?
Actually, no. In short, dry skin has a lack of fat / sebum and dehydrated skin has a shortage of moisture. Dry skin is a skin type while dehydrated skin is a skin condition that everyone can suffer from. For example, someone with oily skin can also have dehydrated skin at the same time. The confusing thing is that both people with dry and people with dehydrated skin can suffer from flaky, itchy, tight, sensitive and dull skin.Therefore, hereby an overview of the differences:
• Dry skin is dry everywhere, including the hands and scalp. It is very sensitive to premature aging and requires constant nutrition through oil-rich products. Dry skin has a thin structure and very fine pores. In addition, dry skin often has a dull appearance and immediately feels tight after washing. Dry skin also has a tendency to look more wrinkled and rarely suffers from pimples.
• Dehydrated skin can feel greasy and dry at the same time. This skin condition is often of a temporary nature and can be caused by environmental factors such as the weather or food. With a dehydrated skin, the natural protective layer of the skin (the lipid layer / fat layer) is too low so that the moisture evaporates from the skin. A dehydrated skin therefore has a constant need for hydration and is mainly recognizable by fine lines, flakes and a tight feeling. Often a tight shine is visible on the forehead and the cheeks. In addition, impurities can be a sign of dehydration.
Dehydrated skin as the most common skin condition
Many people suffer from dehydrated skin. The most common causes are:
Use of improper care products that damage the protective layer of the skin.
Rough weather conditions - hot, cold and dry air.
Seasonal changes - symptoms of dehydrated skin are often more severe in winter or in summer.
Excessive sunlight can accelerate skin aging and strengthen sensitivity to dehydration.
Too much or too long, bathing or showering: this removes the lipids that form the skin barrier.
Use of medication: certain medicines (eg regulating blood pressure) and medical treatments (eg radiation, dialysis or chemotherapy) are known to cause dehydrated skin as a side-effect.
The skin moisture level is also partly determined by hereditary factors.
Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or menopause, can cause dehydrated skin.
As people grow older, the skin's ability to produce perspiration and lipids decreases as a result of a reduction in the function of sebaceous glands and sweat glands in the skin.
A shortage of nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins can increase the chance of dehydrated skin.
Prevent or treat a dehydrated skin
Avoid using a lot of water in the face, this will dry out the skin !
Avoid dry air by spending less time outdoors in hot and cold weather and by using a humidifier inside when the heater is on.
Shower not too long and not too hot
Drink enough water (1 to 2 liters per day): this has a positive effect on your skin from the inside.
Cleanse your skin with mild products that do not dry out your skin. Ingredients such as collagen and hyaluronic acid can greatly improve the moisture balance in your skin.
The skin around the eyes is often also low in moisture, so use a specific eye care.
Use a moisturizing facial cream twice a day and a hydrating face mask once a week.
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